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Types Of Social Engineering Attacks

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Social engineering attacks are manipulative tactics used by attackers to exploit human behavior and emotions in order to gain unauthorized access to sensitive information or systems. These attacks can take many forms, such as Phishing Emails, Pretexting Phone Calls, Spear Phishing, Tailgating, or Baiting With USB Drives. The goal of these attacks is to trick the victim into disclosing confidential information, providing access to a system, or taking an action that compromises security.



This is the most well-known type of social engineering attack, where the attacker sends a fake email or message that appears to be from a legitimate source (like a bank or a popular website) and tires to trick the victim into sharing their personal or financial information. The email usually includes a link to a fake website that looks like the real one, where the victim is asked to enter their login credentials.


This type of attack involves an attacker creating a fake scenario to gain the victim's trust and extract sensitive information. For example, the attacker might pose as an employee of the victim's bank or healthcare provider and request sensitive information such as social security numbers or medical records.


This type of attack involves offering something of value to the victim in exchange for their personal information. For example, the attacker might leave a USB drive with a label like "Payroll" in a public place, hoping that someone will pick it up and plug it into their computer. Once the victim opens the file, it installs malware on their computer and gives the attacker access to their personal information.

Spear Phishing

This is a more targeted version of phishing, where the attacker sends a personalized message to the victim, often using their name or other personal information. The message may appear to come from a trusted source, such as the victim's boos or a colleague, and many contain a malicious link or attachment.


This types of attack involves an attacker following closely behind the victim to gain access to a secure area or building. The attacker might pose as a delivery person or a repair technician to get past security and gain access to sensitive information.
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